All people with diabetes are at risk of developing diabetic retinopathy (DR), an eye condition that can cause vision loss and blindness in people who have diabetes. It affects blood vessels in the retina (the light-sensitive layer of tissue in the back of your eye).
Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of vision loss for people with diabetes. But diabetes can also make you more likely to develop several other eye conditions:
• Cataracts. Having diabetes makes you 2 to 5 times more likely to develop
cataracts. It also makes you more likely to get them at a younger age.
• Open-angle glaucoma. Having diabetes nearly doubles your risk of developing a type of glaucoma called open-angle glaucoma.
If you have diabetes, it’s important to get a comprehensive dilated eye exam at least once a year. Diabetic retinopathy may not have any symptoms at first – but finding it early can help you take steps to protect your vision.
Treatment can help prevent or delay the onset of the disease, but this disease cannot be cured. However, you can manage your diabetes by taking your medication, staying physically active and eating a healthy diet.